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Title: Children’s task performance under stress and non-stress conditions: A test of the processing efficiency theory
Authors: Ng, Ee Lynn
Lee, Kerry
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Ng, E. L., & Lee, K. (2010). Children's task performance under stress and non-stress conditions: A test of the processing efficiency theory. Cognition and Emotion, 24(7), 1229-1238.
Abstract: The effects of test anxiety on children’s task performance are not well-understood. We examined this issue using the processing efficiency theory (PET; Eysenck & Calvo, 1992) as a theoretical framework. High and low trait test-anxious children (N = 90) performed a mental arithmetic task under high and low memory load conditions. Each child performed the task under stressful and non-stressful conditions. Measures of task accuracy and reaction time served as indicators of performance effectiveness and processing efficiency, respectively. Consistent with the PET, processing efficiency, but not performance effectiveness, was detrimentally affected by test anxiety. However, we did not find support for the PET’s assumption that state anxiety mediates the test anxiety-task performance relationship. The roles of task demands on WM capacity and individual differences in WM capacity as moderators of the relationship between test anxiety and task performance will also be discussed.
Description: This is the original draft, prior to peer-review, of a manuscript published in Ng, E. & Lee, K. (2010). Cognition and Emotion, 24(7), 1229-1238, as published in the Cognition and Emotion, 2010, © Taylor & Francis. The published version is available online at:
ISSN: 0269-9931
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/02699930903172328
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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