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Title: Effectiveness of collaborative learning with 3D virtual worlds
Authors: Cho, Young Hoan
Lim, Kenneth Yang Teck
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Cho, Y. H., & Lim, K. Y. T. (2015). Effectiveness of collaborative learning with 3D virtual worlds. British Journal of Educational Technology, 48(1), 202–211.
Abstract: Virtual worlds have affordances to enhance collaborative learning in authentic contexts. Despite the potential of collaborative learning with a virtual world, few studies investigated whether it is more effective in affective and academic achievements than teacher‐directed instruction. This study intended to investigate the effectiveness of collaborative problem solving and collaborative observation using virtual worlds. Secondary school students (n = 101) participated in the study as part of their coursework in three geography classes. This study found that collaborative problem solving and observation were more effective in facilitating and maintaining intrinsic motivation than teacher‐directed instruction. Students in the collaborative observation condition outperformed those in the other conditions when it came to knowledge gains. Lastly, collaborative problem solving and observation were more beneficial for group performance than teacher‐directed instruction. These results were discussed in regards to the effectiveness of interactive learning and the cognitive load of using virtual worlds for collaborative problem solving.
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in British Journal of Educational Technology. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 0007-1013
Other Identifiers: 10.1111/bjet.12356
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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