Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/21666
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Graph
Spanning tree
Parking function
Bijection
Issue Date: 
2018
Citation: 
Dong, F. (2018). From G-parking functions to B-parking functions. Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A, 160, 84-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcta.2018.06.007
Abstract: 
A matching M in a multigraph G=(V,E) is said to be uniquely restricted if M is the only perfect matching in the subgraph of G induced by V(M) (i.e., the set of vertices saturated by M). For any fixed vertex χ0 in G, there is a bijection from the set of spanning trees of G to the set of uniquely restricted matchings of size |V|−1 in S(G)− χ0, where S(G) is the bipartite graph obtained from G by subdividing each edge in G. Thus the notion “uniquely restricted matchings of a bipartite graph H saturating all vertices in a partite set X” can be viewed as an extension of “spanning trees in a connected graph”. Motivated by this observation, we extend the notion “G-parking functions” of a connected multigraph to “B-parking functions” ƒ:X→{−1,0,1,2,⋯} of a bipartite graph H with a bipartition (X,Y) and find a bijection ψ from the set of uniquely restricted matchings of H to the set of B-parking functions of H. We also show that for any uniquely restricted matching M in H with |M|=|X|, if ƒ=ψ(M), then ∑x∈Xƒ(x) is exactly the number of elements y∈Y−V(M) which are not externally B-active with respect to M in H, where the new notion “externally B-active members with respect to M in H” is an extension of “externally active edges with respect to a spanning tree in a connected multigraph”.
Description: 
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A. The published version is available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcta.2018.06.007
URI: 
ISSN: 
0097-3165
Other Identifiers: 
10.1016/j.jcta.2018.06.007
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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