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Singapore primary school TIMSS data: Whole numbers, fractions and proportionality
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Kaur, B., & Pereira-Mendoza, L. (1999). Singapore primary school TIMSS data: Whole numbers, fractions and proportionality. The Mathematics Educator, 4(1), 52-69.
As has been widely reported, Singapore outperformed all other countries
in Mathematics for the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and this is an achievement that reflects positively on all components of the educational system. An analysis of the performance of Singapore students on the Whole Numbers and Fractions and proportionality items shows some clear
trends and provides implications for teaching. The general conclusions are: (1)
Primary four students outperform primary three on all items; (2) On most items
Singapore students outperform their corresponding International cohort; (3) Girls
outperform boys on Whole Numbers but the results are mixed for Fractions; and (4)
Boys tend to leave questions blank more often than girls. Finally, the analysis of the data also shows that students have more
difficulty with items that require comprehension of the concepts involved than
items which are purely routine, and this implies that there needs to be an increased
focus on activities designed to foster understanding.
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