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Towards a community incubator: The ICAP design framework for social constructivist educational designers
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Paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL), New Jersey, USA, 16 – 21 July 2007
This paper highlights the often-mentioned mismatch between the more social
constructivistic oriented pedagogy and the traditional instructional design model. Such a
framework is important as a design process relevant to the work of CSCL. Any attempt
trying to apply the traditional Instructional Design approaches (e.g., ADDIE) to social
constructivist learning in CSCL contexts such as the community of learners approach is
fundamentally flawed because the two stem from different assumptions of knowledge
and philosophies of pedagogy. Based on a modified Activity Theory, we propose the
ICAP (Identity, Community, Activity and Personal) design framework for social
constructivist oriented approaches to educational design as an alternative to this
mismatch. A case example of how ICAP is applied to designing a postgraduate degree
program is reported.
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