Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/14904
Title: 
Exploring the use of reflective MCQ in primary science formative assessment
Authors: 
Keywords: 
Primary science
Thinking
Creative divergent thinking
Multiple choice question
Formative assessment
Issue Date: 
Nov-2006
Citation: 
Paper presented at the International Science Education Conference, Singapore, 22-24 November 2006
Abstract: 
Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) are commonly used in summative assessments to assess a
wide range of knowledge, skills, attitudes and abilities (Haladyna, 1999) in an efficient, effective
and economical way. Yet, existing literature suggests that the prevalent use of MCQs may also
stifle the creative nature of students rather than assess it (Black, 1998). Time spent on pupils’
multiple-choice test performance also reduces the time available for strengthening more complex
skills. This paper reports on the findings arising from an exploratory study conducted with 90
primary girls across three grade levels from Primary 4 (P4) to Primary 6 (P6) from a Singapore
primary school. Potential impact of continual use of MCQs and the developmental growth of
students’ creative and divergent thinking abilities and using reflective MCQ as a formative
evaluation tool was also discussed.
URI: 
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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