Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/16242
Title: 
Functionalizing Islam: The schooling experiences of Malay Muslims in Singapore
Authors: 
Keywords: 
British colonial government
Discourses
Gregory Starrett
Functionalisation of religion
Headscarf
Tudung
Islam
Muslim community
Madrasah (madāris)
Malay Muslims
Singapore
Resistance
Counterhegemonic responses
Religious identity
Multi-ethnic society
Multi-religious society
Secular schools
Schooling experiences
Issue Date: 
Oct-2012
Citation: 
Tan, C. H. P. (2012). Functionalizing Islam: The schooling experiences of Malay Muslims in Singapore. HIKMA – Journal of Islamic Theology and Religious Education, 3(5), 174-186.
Abstract: 
This article explores key events in the schooling experiences of the Malay Muslims
in Singapore by using Gregory Starrett’s concept of the ‘functionalisation of religion’. It
argues that many Malay Muslims turned to the madrasah as a symbol and function of cultural
and religious resistance towards the British colonial government’s secular and anglicised
state schools. After Singapore’s independence, when a majority of Malay Muslims
preferred secular state schools to the madāris (pl. of madrasah), the madrasah leaders responded
by functionalising the madāris for the institutions’ own survival and long-term
viability. In recent years, some Malay Muslim parents and their supporters also attempt to
functionalise the headscarf as a symbol of their religious identity and rejection of the secular
state educational policy.
URI: 
ISSN: 
1868-3657
Website: 
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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