Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/17229
Title: Students’ perceptions of motivational climate and enjoyment in Finnish physical education: A latent profile analysis
Authors: Jaakkola, Timo
Wang, John C. K.
Soini, Markus
Liukkonen, Jarmo
Keywords: Motivational climate
Enjoyment
Physical education
Clusters
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Jaakkola, T., Wang, J. C. K., Soini, M., & Liukkonen, J. (2015). Students’ perceptions of motivational climate and enjoyment in Finnish physical education: A latent profile analysis. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(3), 477-483.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify student clusters with homogenous profiles in perceptions of task- and ego-involving, autonomy, and social relatedness supporting motivational cli-mate in school physical education. Additionally, we investigated whether different motivational climate groups differed in their enjoyment in PE. Participants of the study were 2 594 girls and 1 803 boys, aged 14 -15 years. Students responded to questionnaires assessing their perception of motivational climate and enjoyment in physical education. Latent profile analyses produced a five-cluster solution labeled 1) ‘low autonomy, related-ness, task, and moderate ego climate’ group’, 2) ‘low autonomy, relatedness, and high task and ego climate, 3) ‘moderate autonomy, relatedness, task and ego climate’ group 4) ‘high autonomy, relatedness, task, and moderate ego climate’ group, and 5) ‘high relatedness and task but moderate autonomy and ego climate’ group. Analyses of variance showed that students in clusters 4 and 5 perceived the highest level of enjoyment where-as students in cluster 1 experienced the lowest level of enjoyment. The results showed that the students’ perceptions of various motivational climates created differential levels of enjoyment in PE classes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/17229
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
Website: http://www.jssm.org/research.php?id=jssm-14-477.xml
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