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Title: Reflective thinking for intelligence analysis using a case study
Authors: Tan, Charlene H. P. (Charlene Hwee Phio)
Keywords: Case study
Intelligence analysis
Reflective thinking
Reflective practice
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Tan, C. (2014). Reflective thinking for intelligence analysis using a case study. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 15(2), 218-231.
Abstract: Despite the potential of reflective thinking to help intelligence analysts avoid intelligence failures and become skilful practitioners, there has been limited research on how reflective thinking can be taught to the analysts. This article aims to fill the gap by discussing how reflective thinking is essential to and applicable for intelligence analysis in the field of epistemology. Using the example of the concept of knowledge as 'justified true belief', this article explains how the various theories of truth and types of justification are integrated into and applicable for intelligence analysis. To facilitate the link between epistemology and intelligence analysis, this article refers to the case study of Iraq’s alleged Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD).
Description: This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives. The published version is available online at
ISSN: 1462-3943 (print)
1470-1103 (online)
Other Identifiers: 10.1080/14623943.2013.868792
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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