Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Interest-driven creator theory: Towards a theory of learning design for Asia in the twenty-first century
Interest-driven learning
Creator-based learning
Learning design theory
Twenty-first century competencies
Inquiry-based learning
Design thinking
Game-based learning
Seamless learning
Issue Date: 
Chan, T. W., Looi, C. K., Chen, W., Wong, L. H., Chang, B., Liao, C. C. Y., … Ogata, H. (2018). Interest-driven creator theory: Towards a theory of learning design for Asia in the twenty-first century. Journal of Computers in Education, 5(4), 435-461.
Asian education is known for its examination-driven orientation, with the downsides of distorting the processes of learning and teaching, diminishing students’ interest in learning, and failing to nurture twenty-first century
competencies among students. As a group of Asian researchers, we have been developing Interest-Driven Creator (IDC) Theory, a design theory based on three anchored concepts, namely interest, creation, and habit. Each of these anchored concepts is represented by a loop comprised of three components. In the interest
loop, the three components are triggering, immersing, and extending. The components of the creation loop are imitating, combining, and staging. The habit loop consists of cuing environment, routine, and harmony. These three loops are interconnected in various ways, with their characteristics revealed by the design process. We hypothesize that technology-supported learning activities that are designed with reference to IDC Theory will enable students to develop interest in learning, be immersed in the creation process, and, by repeating this process in their daily routines, strengthen habits of creation. Furthermore, students will excel in learning performance, develop twenty-first century competencies, and become lifelong interest-driven creators. To sharpen our understanding and further the development of the theory, we need more discussion and collaborative efforts in the community. Hypotheses arising from this theory can be tested, revised or refined by setting up and investigating IDC Theory-based experimental sites. By disseminating the framework, foundations and practices to the various countries and regions of Asia, we hope that it will bring about compelling examples and hence a form of quality education for the twenty-first century that is an alternative to the examination-driven education system. In this paper, we present an overall introduction to IDC Theory and its history, and discuss some of the steps for advancing it in the future.
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Journal of Computers in Education. The published version is available online at
2197-9987 (print)
2197-9995 (online)
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
JCE-5-4-435.pdf815.15 kBAdobe PDFUnder embargo until Dec 31, 2019
Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Jan 21, 2019