Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/22096
Title: 
Authors: 
Subjects: 
Integration
Instructional framework
STEM
Cross-disciplinary
Problem solving
Issue Date: 
2019
Citation: 
Tan, A.-L., Teo, T. W., Choy, B. H., & Ong, Y. S. (2019). The S‑T‑E‑M Quartet. Innovation and Education, 1, Article 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42862-019-0005-x
Abstract: 
The issue of integrated STEM curriculum design and evaluation requires a more consistent understanding and clarity among STEM educators. In this paper, we propose an instructional framework of STEM integration based on the theoretical notions of disciplinarity and problem-centred learning. The proposed S-T-E-M Quartet instructional framework utilises complex, persistent and extended problems at its core, and the problem solving process as the overarching frame. The key difference between the proposed S-T-E-M Quartet instructional framework and models such as the STEM road map and the Cubic model for STEAM education is the emphasis on the connections between different disciplines. Similar to the STEM road map, the application of the S-T-E-M Quartet framework begins with a single lead discipline as the focus and subsequently examines how knowledge and skills of the lead discipline are connected and related to the other three disciplines. As an instructional framework, the S-T-E-M Quartet requires description of learning outcomes for each discipline when students work with the problem. The learning outcomes within individual disciplines constitute the vertical learning within a discipline. Depending on the problem described, the learning outcomes for some disciplines might be more in-depth than others. As the S-T-E-M Quartet foregrounds connections between disciplines, attention is also paid to the strength of connections, whether they are weak, moderate or strong. A case example of application of the S-T-E-M Quartet instructional framework is presented as an illustration of how the S-T-E-M Quartet instructional framework can be used to design and reflect on STEM tasks.
URI: 
ISSN: 
2524-8502
DOI: 
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
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