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Pang, C. Z., Ip, Y. K., & Chew S. F. (2021). Effects of seawater acclimation on two Na+/K+-ATPase α-subunit isoforms in the gills of the marble goby, Oxyeleotris marmorata. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 253, Article 110853. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2020.110853
The marble goby, Oxyeleotris marmorata, is a freshwater teleost, but can acclimate progressively to survive in seawater (salinity 30). As an obligatory air-breather, it can also survive long periods of emersion. Two isoforms of Na+/K+-ATPase (nka) α-subunit, nkaα1 and nkaα3, but not nkaα2, had been cloned from the gills of O. marmorata. The cDNA sequence of nkaα1 consisted of 3069 nucleotides, coding for 1023 amino acids (112.5 kDa), whereas nkaα3 consisted of 2976 nucleotides, coding for 992 amino acids (109.5 kDa). As only one form of branchial Nkaα1 was identified using molecular cloning in this study, O. marmorata lacks specific freshwater- and seawater-type Nkaα isoforms as demonstrated by some other euryhaline fish species. The nkaα1 transcript level was about 2.5-fold higher than that of nkaα3 in the gills of freshwater O. marmorata. During exposure to seawater, the branchial transcript level of nkaα1 increased significantly on day 1 (~3.3-fold) and day 6 (~2.6-fold). By contrast, the branchial transcript level of nkaα3 increased significantly on day 1 (~2.6-fold), but not on day 6, of seawater exposure. Six days of exposure to seawater also led to significant increases in protein abundances of Nkaα1 (~6.9-fold) and Nkaα3 (~2.8-fold) in the gills of O. marmorata. Hence, the mRNA and protein expressions of both nkaα1/Nkaα1 and nkaα3/Nkaα3 were up-regulated in O. marmorata during seawater acclimation. This could explain why Vmax increases but Km for Na+ and K+ remain unchanged in Nka extracted from the gills of O. marmorata acclimated to seawater as reported previously.
This is the final draft, after peer-review, of a manuscript published in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology. The published version is available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2020.110853
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