Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/23938
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
COVID-19
Factor analyses
Depression
Anxiety
Stressor
Adjustment
Young adulthood
Issue Date: 
2022
Citation: 
Yong, M., & Suh, H. (2022). University students adjusting to COVID-19 stressors: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the COVID-19 stressors questionnaire. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, Article 816961. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.816961
Journal: 
Frontiers in Psychology
Abstract: 
The psychological effects of COVID-19 have been documented in the past year, but scarce literature exists on the nature of COVID-19 stressors. Using a random split sample of 1199 young adult university students, results of exploratory factor analyses (EFA) identified a four-factor structure in the COVID-19 Stressors Questionnaire (C19SQ), which were labeled Resource Constraints, Social Restrictions, Future Uncertainty, and Health Concerns. This model was supported by a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) when run on the other split sample of 1139 university students. Higher levels of COVID-19 stress were positively associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms and negatively associated with sleep duration, sleep quality, and the number of exercise days. COVID-19 stress also uniquely predicted poor university adjustment. This study demonstrated the link between COVID-19 stressors and mental and physical health symptoms, thus providing support for conceptualizing the psychological impact of the pandemic as adjustment problems for some individuals.
URI: 
ISSN: 
1664-1078 (online)
DOI: 
Project number: 
PG 08/20 YML
Funding Agency: 
Ministry of Education, Singapore
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
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