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Title: Exercise responses and training during daytime fasting in the month of Ramadan and its impact on training-induced adaptations
Authors: Nurhayatul Filzah Damit
Lim, Vivienna Tzia Woon
Ahmad Munir Che Muhamed
Anis Chaouachi
Karim Chamari
Rabindarjeet Singh
Chia, Michael, 1963-
Abdul Rashid Aziz
Keywords: Acute exercise
Chronic exercise
Training load
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Nurhayatul Filzah Damit, Lim, V. T. W., Ahmad Munir Che Muhamed, Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K., Singh, R., Chia, M. Y. H., & Abdul Rashid Aziz (2014). Exercise responses and training during daytime fasting in the month of Ramadan and its impact on training-induced adaptations. In H. Chtourou (Ed.), Effects of Ramadan fasting on health and athletic performance (pp. 3-12). Foster City, CA: OMICS Group eBooks.
Abstract: During the month of Ramadan, restriction of food and fluid intake for many hours before and during exercise, together with other Ramadan-associated negative factors such as sleep and mood swings can be a real challenge for fasting Muslim athletes to perform at their optimum level. Numerous studies have looked at the effects of Ramadan fasting on exercise responses and performances but these studies were mostly focused on the effects of the religious fast on acute training sessions. This review aims to present studies that analyzed the effects of fasting during the daytime period on chronic training and on the magnitude of training-induced adaptations over the Ramadan month. These studies were selected based on a set of criteria laid out by the authors to ensure valid comparison. The results from the small number of validated studies chosen, in contrast to our initial hypothesis, have indicated equivalent improvements in the magnitude of training-induced adaptations by both fasted and non-fasted individuals during post-Ramadan testing. The data suggest that in order for optimal training-induced adaptations to take place in Muslim fasted athletes during Ramadan, a training programme imposing a sufficient training load or stimulus with the presence of optimal nutrition and rest-recovery are key factors.
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