Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Open Access
      116  145
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Designing a teaching fiction writing curriculum for young learners: A perspective for a school-wide effort
    Writing is often considered one of the most difficult skills both to engage in and to teach. Many models of teaching writing have been offered over the years. However, the tendency is for one to enact these teaching frames solely within the confines of a single classroom or a grade level at best. In addition to this, terminology for the same reference points can differ drastically (e.g., Beginning vs Introduction vs Orientation). This can lead to confusion on the part of young learners and hinder their efforts to manoeuvre the complex terrain of writing. This paper offers a way for schools to think about designing a cohesive writing curriculum that cuts across grade levels to develop students’ fiction writing skills in a more structured manner. It advocates a shift to view teachers as a community supporting students’ progress in writing rather than a focus on individual classroom teaching.
      67  54
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Socio-cognitive approach to teaching writing: Impact on pupils' compositions
    (Office of Education Research, National Institute of Education, Singapore, 2020) ; ;
    Most of the existing studies on academic writing were conducted in ESL/EFL university settings. Further research targeted at other educational settings such as primary schools, which are quite different from the university settings previously studied, for students in different stages of their studies, will advance our understanding of student writing broadly. In 2016, the Journal of Second Language Writing will devote an entire issue to English language writing in elementary classrooms across contexts, calling for studies to address the difficulties that young students face in their learning, as well as the kind of support they do or should receive during classes. Therefore, research that investigates how English language writing is taught in primary school classrooms, outside of EFL/ESL contexts, is of much current interest, but sufficient existing knowledge is still lacking. The present study will fill this research gap identified. A further rationale for understanding the teaching of English language writing at the primary school level is that existing studies in Singapore do not explicate the effect of explicit writing instruction on primary school students in genres other than argumentative essays. To the best of our knowledge, there have been only two studies (Koh, 2002; Neo, 2004) that yielded empirical data on the English language writing of primary school children in Singapore. The proposed research will contribute to addressing these observations raised specifically for the weaker learners. A starting point of the proposed research is to analyse and document how primary English language teachers in Singapore teach writing in traditional writing classes. In particular, we seek to understand how different genres of writing are taught in English language writing classes in a Singapore primary school. Extensive classroom observation data will be collected to support this analysis. Another goal of the proposed research is to design and implement a writing programme based on a socio-cognitive approach. We will test the advantages of this approach relative to the traditional teaching methods, by identifying and understanding how it may impact the quality of writing produced by underachievers in the primary school. Based on the classroom observation data collected about the traditional teaching methods, we will design and implement writing tasks for the intervention programme that are relevant to the students' lives and socio-cultural environment. The results will yield findings that are likely generalizable across English language writing classrooms, thereby helping students who are struggling generally with the learning of writing and compositions.
      132  30