Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10497/24684
Title: 
Authors: 
Keywords: 
9-ball
Pool
Billiards
Error
Correction
Issue Date: 
2022
Citation: 
Pan, J. W., Kong, P. W., & Komar, J. (2022). Adaptive regulation in a stable performance environment: Trial-to-trial consistency in cue sports performance. Motor Control. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1123/mc.2021-0094
Journal: 
Motor Control
Dataset: 
https://doi.org/10.25340/R4/ARYUTD
Abstract: 
This study aimed to investigate individual trial-to-trial performance in three tests to define adaptive regulation as a key feature of expertise in nine-ball. Thirty-one male players were assigned into the low-skilled (n = 11), intermediate (n = 10), or high-skilled groups (n = 10). The power control, cue alignment, and angle tests were selected to assess participants’ ability to control the power applied in shots, strike the ball straight, and understand the ball paths, respectively. Error distance and correction of error distance were identified for each shot using 2D video analysis. Results of one-way analysis of variance showed that the high-skilled group performed better in two out of the three tests than the other two groups (p = .010 for the cue alignment test; p = .002 for the angle test). However, the adaptation effect represented by the decreased error distances across trials was not observed. Pearson correlation revealed only a few significant correlations between the error distance and its correction within each participant in all tests (p < .05), and hence, the hypothesis that “low correction happened after small error and vice versa” is not supported.
URI: 
ISSN: 
1087-1640 (print)
1543-2696 (online)
DOI: 
File Permission: 
Open
File Availability: 
With file
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