Now showing 1 - 10 of 36
  • Publication
    Open Access
      123  120
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Differences in daily step counts among primary, secondary, and junior college students
    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyse the physical activity patterns measured through pedometers among primary, secondary, and college students. A sample of 571 school children wore pedometers for 5 consecutive weekdays and one weekend day. Results showed that male students were more active than female students across all categories, except during co-curricular activity (CCAs). Primary school students were more active than secondary school and college students. Taken together, the findings of this study support the idea that, as children get older, the differences between boys and girls reduce drastically until the college level, at which point boys are equally as inactive as girls.
      373  291
  • Publication
    Restricted
    Differences in behaviour and interactive decision-making between experienced and inexperienced basketball coaches in secondary schools
    There has been an increasing growth of external coaches employed by schools in Singapore to train and prepare their athletes for inter-school competitions. As these coaches come from different educational and professional backgrounds, their standard of coaching has varied. This study focused on the behaviour and interactive decision-making of experienced and inexperienced basketball coaches.

    A review of the literature revealed that there are differences between experienced and inexperience teachers / coaches both in the classroom and in the sports setting. This study compared five experience and five inexperienced secondary school male basketball coaches as they are planned and executed a 30 minute "Pick and Roll" practice session. All practice sessions were videotaped . Interval recording procedures ( four second observe / one second code) were employed with the Arizona State University Observation Instrument (A.S.U.O.I.) to collect coach behaviour data. Coaches were also interviewed and audiotaped immediately after the practice session. Their responses were analysed using Sherman's Model of Interactive Decision-making instrument, to determine coaches' decision-making patterns.

    Analysis of the data revealed that experienced coaches exhibited significantly more concurrent instruction behaviour (U=2.0, p<0.05) than inexperienced ones, where as inexperienced coaches asked a significantly greater number of questions (U=0.0, p,0.05) than their experienced colleagues. With regard to interactive decision-making, results indicated that both experienced and inexperienced coaches carried out practice mostly according to their plans (Path 1). When they encountered serious problems, however, inexperienced coaches were significantly more willing to change plans (Path 5) than their experienced counterparts (U=3.0,p<0.05).
      341  12
  • Publication
    Open Access
      58  103
  • Publication
    Open Access
      888  1275
  • Publication
    Open Access
    Experience in competitive youth sport and needs satisfaction: The Singapore story
    (2012) ; ;
    Erikson, Karl
    ;
    Côté, Jean
    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sport experiences and psychological needs satisfaction of Singapore high school athletes who were involved in inter-school competition. A total of 1250 school athletes from 22 sports participated in the study. The athletes were between 13 and 18 years old and had an average of 3 years of experience in school sport (SD=.18). Cluster analysis was employed to identify homogenous groups based on the seven developmental experiences domains of the Youth Experience Survey (YES 2.0; Hansen & Larson, 2005). A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to determine whether differences existed among the clusters in terms of psychological needs satisfaction (i.e., sense of autonomy, perceived competence and relatedness). The results of the cluster analysis showed that there were different subgroups of athletes with distinct developmental experiences, and they varied in the degree to which their psychological needs were satisfied. Generally, subgroups that had high levels of positive experiences and low levels of negative experiences in sport had better fulfillment of psychological needs. It is important to ensure that policies and programmes are formulated, delivered and monitored effectively to promote positive experiences for youth who are involved in competitive sports.
      759  753
  • Publication
    Open Access
    The use of information communication and technologies tools to maximise students' learning in physical education in Singapore schools
    (Office of Education Research, National Institute of Education, Singapore, 2020) ; ; ;
    Camire, Martin
    With the Ministry of Education’s (MOE) focus on using ICT in resourceful and innovative ways to improve teaching and learning (MOE, 2014), PE teachers should be trained and equipped with strategies to create environments where students are given more autonomy to decide ‘what’ to learn and ‘how’ to learn, according to students’ ability to use Information Communication and Technologies (ICT). For example, making available e-learning materials related to the lesson before and after the class affords students opportunities to learn more readily on their own than when these materials are absent. Using video recording to provide visual and verbal feedback from the teacher or among peers for skill performance during a lesson is just one of many ways ICT can be used to maximise students’ learning and develop the affective, psychomotor, and cognitive domains set out in the PE syllabus. The advantages of providing students with opportunities to harness ICT can be directly beneficial for skills acquisition and indirectly for honing life skills.
      201  128
  • Publication
    Open Access
    A study on the implementation status of the physical education syllabus 2014 in Singapore schools.
    (National Institute of Education (Singapore), 2021) ; ;
    Li, Chunxiao
    ;
    ; ;
    Ang, Wee Han
    ;
    Wong, Liang Han
    ;
    Yeo, Connie Huat Neo
      111  200
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    The coach education system for elite football coaches in Singapore
    (Routledge, 2022) ;
    Tan, Warrick Li Quan
    ;
    Lim, Tong Hai
    ;
    Lee, Gavin Bryan
    Football is a global sport, played across continents and multiple levels. It is also the most popular team sport in Singapore. Due to its popularity, the demand for certified football coaches is also high, especially in schools and private sectors. The Football Association of Singapore (FAS) and Sport Singapore (SportSG) have put in place various coach education systems to develop an adequate number of qualified coaches to deliver quality football programmes for participants at all levels (grassroots to elite). As a small country, Singapore holds the highest record number of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) qualified coaches in Asia. Several of them have also coached at professional clubs in Asia. This chapter aims to discuss some of the developments in the football coach education and development literature while sharing information on the current elite football coach education system in Singapore. Additionally, through the perspectives of various elite football stakeholders (e.g., coaches, coach developers, sport administrators), the chapter will provide specific examples on how the current system has supported their respective roles, the challenges they face, and their suggested recommendations to further support their learning and development.
    Scopus© Citations 2  81
  • Publication
    Open Access
    The coaching behavior scale for sport: Factor structure examination for Singaporean youth athletes
    (2014) ;
    Kawabata, Masato
    ;
    Mallett, Clifford
    The Coaching Behavior Scale for Sport (CBS-S) is designed to evaluate coaches’ involvement in developing athletes, taking into considerations the complex training and competition environment. Although CBS-S has been used in a number of empirical studies, the factor structure of the instrument has not been examined rigorously. The present study was, therefore, conducted to assess the factor structure of the CBS-S for Singaporean youth athletes. A total of 519 participants completed the CBS-S, and their responses were examined with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and recent exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM). Both seven-factor CFA and ESEM models fit to the sample data adequately. In addition, the sizes of factor loadings on target factors were substantial and found comparable between the CFA and ESEM solutions. The findings from this study supported the factorial validity of the CBS-S for the present sample.
    WOS© Citations 5Scopus© Citations 8  338  723